Women are special for many reasons: they are most sensitive, caring and maternal people in the world yet they go through hardships in their special time when carrying a life.
Miscarriage is the natural death of an embryo or fetus in the womb before it is old enough to live on its own outside the mother. The medical word for miscarriage is Spontaneous abortion. “Spontaneous” means something that a person did not expect to happen. According to Dr. Salim Salley, “miscarriage is spontaneous expulsion of a fetus before it’s viable. That is before 28 weeks of pregnancy.”
Miscarriage can be caused by adult chromosomes which come from one adult only and malformation of the embryo may occur or not even develop at all. We also have blight ovum (fertilized egg) which implants itself in the uterus but is not viable and there is no development of embryo though the placenta will keep producing Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) and individual will think that she is pregnant and she will also experience heavy vaginal bleeding as well as spotting, missed periods, abdominal cramps and sore breasts.
- Severe diabetes
- High blood pressure
- Problems with the cervix
- Abnormally shaped uterus
- Certain medications
- Issues with hormones
- Untreated thyroid disease
- Drugs and alcohol
Miscarriage can also be caused by abusive partners, who may hit their wives on the tummy.
The other thing can be the use of medication by a pregnant woman not knowing that she is pregnant, or if she knows, it might be that she did not tell the doctor.
The symptoms of miscarriage vary depending on your stage of pregnancy. In some cases, it happens so quickly that you may not even know you are miscarrying.
Here are some of the symptoms of a miscarriage:
- Heavy spotting
- Vaginal bleeding
- Discharge of fluid from your vagina
- Severe abdominal pain or cramping
- Mild to severe back pain
HOW TO AVOID MISCARRIAGE
Going to the clinic will help with the control of diabetes and blood pressure to prevent miscarriage. Avoid alcohol, drugs, limit caffeine intake and take prenatal vitamins and supplements. Maintain a healthy balanced diet.
HOW DOES ONE COPE WITH A MISCARRIAGE?
- Allow yourself to express your emotions. Miscarriage is like losing a loved one, which comes with a roller coaster of emotions ranging from sadness to despair.
- Rely on friends and loved ones for help
- Find spiritual guidance
- Talk with a therapist